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Pharming

Pharming is defined as the fraudulent practice of directing Internet users to a bogus (fake) website that mimics (copies) the appearance of a legitimate (official) one, in order to obtain personal information such as passwords, account numbers, etc. Do not confuse pharming with phishing.

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Theory

Phishing

Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information or data, such as usernames, passwords and credit card details, by disguising a message as an official, trustworthy electronic communication. Typically carried out by e-mail spoofing – as well as via SMS (“smishing”), instant messaging, and text messaging – a phishing message includes a hyperlink (or […]

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Catfishing

Catfishing is defined as “luring (someone) into a relationship by means of a fictional online persona”. The goal of building this relationship could be any one of the following: To bully or harass or physically harm the victim (see: cyberbullying, grooming) To gain personal information about the victim to commit fraud with their information The […]

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Ransomware

Garmin Connect users across the globe lost access to all their online fitness data as a result of a Ransomware attack just this month (August 2020). This form of cybercrime is a relatively new development. Read more about this attack on TechRepublic. The following information about ransomware is an extract from “Clarification of existing content […]

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Types of computer crimes

There is a fairly long list of ways in which people commit cybercrimes (crimes committed using computer technology). Some are simply mildly irritating, while others range from financially disastrous to life-threatening. A number of the following cybercrimes are categorised under the heading “social engineering”, which is defined as: “The use of deception to manipulate or […]